Neil deGrasse Tyson Talks God
Things are looking up for Neil deGrasse Tysonway up. And now his already high profile is set for a big boost with the March 9 launch of “Cosmos: A Space Time Odyssey,” a new documentary television series that he hosts.
Tyson calls the 13 part series canada goose outlet belgium a continuation of “Cosmos: A Personal Voyage,” a 1980 PBS series narrated by Carl Sagan that is acclaimed as one of the most significant science themed programs in television history.
canada goose clearance sale In anticipation of the new series’ debut, Tyson, 55, sat down with HuffPost Science for a wide ranging and surprisingly frank interview. What follows is a condensed and edited version of the discussion, which took place in the astrophysicist’s New York City office. canada goose clearance sale
NT: That is a big question we all have: are we alone in the universe? And exoplanets confirm the suspicion that planets canada goose outlet store toronto are not rare. Life as we know it lives on a planet. So if we are going to look for life as we know it, you want a good inventory of planets. There is a whole cottage industry of people trying to study the properties of the planets. It’s very hard because they’re orbiting next to hugely bright stars. The analogy is given and if you calculate it out, it turns out to be about right it would be like trying to detect a firefly around one of those Hollywood searchlights pointing straight at you.
DF: And canada goose outlet locations in toronto our conception of the cosmos may also have changed. Do you think we live in a universe or a multiverse?
NT: We have excellent theoretical and philosophical reasons to think we live in canada goose outlet new york a multiverse.
NT: Quantum physics, which is the physics of the small, behaves in odd ways. Everything that the tenets of quantum physics predict about the universe we go out and test it and it’s there. General relativity, which was put forth by Einstein, is the theory of the large gravity and the large scale structure of the universe. That also works. Yet they don’t work with one another. If you take the universe all the way back to the Big Bang, well, the entire universe was really small. So now you take the shotgun wedding quantum physics and general relativity. In that shotgun wedding, if you follow through with all the predictions quantum physics gives you, it allows multiple bubbles to form one of which is our universe. These are sorts of fluctuations in the quantum foam. Quantum physics fluctuates all the canada goose outlet store montreal time. But now the fluctuations are not just particles coming into and out of existence, official canada goose outlet which happens all the time. It’s whole canada goose outlet vancouver universes coming into and out of existence.
Canada Goose sale NT: Philosophically, the universe has really never made things in ones. The Earth is special and everything else is different? canada goose outlet mall No, we’ve got seven other planets. The sun? No, the sun is one of those dots in the night sky. The Milky Way? canada goose outlet canada No, it’s one of a hundred billion galaxies. And the universe maybe it’s countless other universes. Canada Goose sale
Canada Goose online DF: And our multiverse could be just one of many? Canada Goose online
canada goose store NT: Exactly. It might be that the multiverse is not alone. canada goose store
canada goose deals DF: If particles blink into and out of existence, could the whole universe blink out of existence? canada goose deals
canadian canada goose outlet germany goose jacket NT: It is statistically so unlikely canada goose outlet washington dc that you should just think of it as zero. Don’t worry about it. canadian goose jacket
DF: You must get a lot of strange questions from your lecture audiences. Do you find yourself having to correct people’s misconceptions?
canada goose coats NT: That’s not my goal. As an educator, I try to get people to canada goose jacket outlet toronto be fundamentally curious and to question ideas that they might have or that are shared by others. In that state of mind, they have earned a kind of inoculation against the fuzzy thinking of these weird ideas floating around out there. So rather than correct the weird ideas, I would rather them to know how to think in the first place. Then they can correct the weird idea themselves. I don’t just tell them no. That’s pontifical. canada goose coats
buy canada goose jacket DF: What role do you play in what some have called a culture war between science and science deniers? buy canada goose jacket
Canada Goose Outlet NT: People reach for me to have those fights, but I don’t engage canada goose jacket uk in them. You’ve never seen me debate anybody. On anything. Ever. My investment of time, as an educator, in my judgment, is best served teaching people how to think about the world around them. Teach them how to pose a question. How to judge whether one thing is true versus another. What the laws of physics say. That’s an educational process. It’s not a debate and whoever argues best wins. I don’t do that. I’m not saying other people shouldn’t. I’m not saying it isn’t a great thing that they’re doing it. Canada Goose Outlet
buy canada goose jacket cheap NT: You can make programs that improve science teachers, but what do you do when you get out? Is it embraced by your culture? No, it’s not. It’s a band aid. But when the culture wants to do it, you don’t need programs to make it happen. There were no programs in the 1960s to get people interested in science. There were programs to manage the rising canada goose outlet winnipeg address science interest that became manifest when Sputnik was launched, but the interest was built into the culture. People were canada goose outlet online thinking about tomorrow in ways only science and technology canada goose outlet website legit could deliver. My read of human history and 20th Century tells me that there canada goose outlet uk is no force as powerful, as ambition stimulating, as exploring the great frontier. And right now that frontier is space. I’m not here to tell you to like space. I’m here to tell you the cost of not liking space. buy canada goose jacket cheap
Canada Goose Jackets NT: It would be great if we were on multiple planets, but I think that’s unrealistic. Hawking says we have to be on multiple planets so an asteroid could come and you’d still have some humans left. It’s a nice idea. It satisfies the multiple eggs in multiple baskets concept. It’s more effort than fixing runaway global warming. Canada Goose Jackets
canada goose clearance DF: If someone offered you a one way trip to Mars, would canada goose outlet you take it? canada goose clearance
canada goose black friday sale NT: I don’t see any point of a one way trip. In the era of the great explorers, colonies were established in places where explorers had already put the place on the map and were able to tell you, “Yeah, there’s air to breathe and fruit on the trees and bring this winter coat and here canada goose outlet nyc is a shovel and some hammers and nails, go at it. Oh, by the way, if it doesn’t work out, come back.” That’s different from saying here’s a spaceship that is only designed to go one way and, by the way, when you get there there’s no air or water. So make it a round trip. You stay as long as you want. canada goose black friday sale
Canada Goose Parka DF: In a recent article in Parade magazine, you were quoted as saying that as a young man, despite being an aspiring astrophysicist, you were sometimes viewed as a mugger or shoplifter. That was surprising to see, given your reputation as someone who is disinclined to talk about racism. Canada Goose Parka
NT: I didn’t talk to them canada goose outlet houston at all. They went into my memoir written in 1999 canada goose outlet shop and extracted from a single chapter in the book. People feel some major urge to say oh, he’s a black scientist so let’s have part of the conversation about being a black scientist. I never initiate such conversations. Ever. In fact, I decline invitations to speak during Black History Month. If you only think of me during Black History Month, I must be failing as an educator and as an astrophysicist. By the way, if my professional canada goose outlet in montreal identity involved strong racial issues, then it would be unfair and unrealistic to decline such invitations. But I never talk about it. I never volunteer to talk about god or religion, but people feel compelled to talk about it.
NT: OK, if that god is described as being all powerful and all knowing and all good, I don’t see evidence for it anywhere in the world. So I remain unconvinced. If that god is all powerful and all good, I don’t see that when a tsunami kills a quarter million or an earthquake kills a quarter million people. I’d like to think of good as something in the interest of your health or longevity. That’s a pretty simple definition of something that is good for you. That’s not a controversial understanding of the word “good.” So if Earth in two separate events separated by just a couple of years can kill a half million people, then if the god as you describe exists, that god is either not all powerful or not all good. And so therefore I am not convinced.
canada goose coats on sale NT: https://www.canadagooseisverige.com That’s an interesting question. Possibly. If we know what’s making us smart, go tweak the DNA. Tweak the genome in some way. canada goose coats on sale
canada goose DF: How about the idea of uploading your brain into some sort of computer as a way to achieve immortality? canada goose
cheap Canada Goose NT: I don’t see that as an important day, any more than the day a machine replaced you on the assembly line, the day a machine replaced your oxen, the day a machine beat us at chess, the day a machine beat us at Jeopardy. It’s fine and intriguing, but to assert that all of life is going to be different or that it’s immortality. don’t tell me it’s you with immortality cheap Canada Goose.